The GK Fény wheat variety, developed by the Cereal Research Non-Profit Ltd. of Szeged, has been the standard for four years now, and the only beardless wheat variety grown on-farm. GK Göncöl, which had been tried previously, and GK Petur, which was among the first varieties grown in 2013, are no longer being tested, but we did manage to procure organic GK Hunyad organic grain seeds. The best known characteristic of the Szeged types is that they feel right at home in breeding environment. Our experience tells us that the varieties from the other Eastern Hungarian breeder, the Karcag Research Institute, are different. The KG Kunhalom -also carrying Bánkút genes - feels at home everywhere, and given the fact that every year it has been tried in several places, it is the other standard variety in the on-farm experiment. This year, like in 2015, it is again possible to test a new Karcag variety – the KG Vitéz. Among the Martonvásár varieties, the MV Karizma is again being experimented on – this type has been tested and performed well in almost every location. In addition to MV Kolompos and the successful MV Béres, we are also experimenting with MV Ménrót, MV Bojtár, MV Mente on small plots this year.
In addition to the newest national types, we are testing candidate varieties and older varieties as well – similar to KG Kunhalom, which also has Bánkút genes, the “Fürjes” candidate variety is also testing well this year, but a number of farmers planted the gene bank’s originator, Bánkút 1201 too.
More than ever before, we are incorporating a larger portion of foreign bred varieties this year. In addition to the already well known Austrian Antonius and Stefanus, we are also testing Lucullus and Capo, as well as a few types that are less known here in Hungary and whose breeding is specifically adapted to the needs of organic farming. Examples include EHO-Gold, Tobias and Laurenzio.
Although not considered the finest in quality, prolific French varieties (Exotic and Forblanche) are also being grown in a few locations, about which it is worthwhile to mention that they possess special plant pathological properties too: as opposed to the other types that were tested during the 2014 “yellow-rust” year, it came through virtually symptom-free.
About the selection of our experiment locations: With the exception of the small-plot experiments that were carried out in Nagydorog, they were performed in cooperation with the Szeged Cereal Researchers. Including the above, in total about 100 varieties are being tested.
The “on-farm” large-plot experiments are being carried out in the following locations:
Zala (Tornyiszentmiklós); Fejér (Bodmér); Tolna (Nagydorog); Pest (Galgahévíz) Heves (Kömlő); Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok (Tiszaigar); Hajdú-Bihar (Hajdúböszörmény, Balmazújváros); Békés (Mezőberény, Füzesgyarmat); Csongrád (Tiszasziget, Kakasszék).
You can read the results of the tests about different varieties in Hungarian in our experiment summaries.